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click opera - The rise and fall of postmodernism
February 2010
 
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Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:53 pm
The rise and fall of postmodernism

Tuesday, 6pm at London's Architectural Association I'm giving a talk called "The Ideology of the Iconic", but it might be better titled "The Rise and Fall of Postmodernism". Here, just so I can have all my notes for the talk in one place, are my notes. ("Et tu, Momus?" gasps Pomo, staggering on the steps of the forum, ironic blood pouring from its back.)

I'll start with a bold assertion: Postmodernism begins and ends with Persil. The "Saponides et Détergents" essay in Roland Barthes' Mythologies (1957) discusses Omo and Persil (both made by Unilever) as if they were iconic deities (in fact they were almost identical powders). Almost fifty years later Spice Girl Victoria Beckham said she wanted to be "as famous as Persil Automatic".

Richard Hamilton in 1957, The Eleven Commandments of mass culture:

1. Popular (designed for mass audiences) 2. Transient (short-term solution) 3. Expendable (easily forgotten) 4. Low cost 5. Mass produced 6. Young (aimed at youth) 7. Witty 8. Sexy 9. Gimmicky 10. Glamorous 11. Big business.

Distinctions collapsed by postmodernism:
HIGH / LOW
HERE / THERE
NOW / THEN
MINE / THEIRS
SACRED / PROFANE (the old and new definitions of "iconic")
ORIGINAL / COPY

Perhaps we should add FREEDOM / COMPULSION; despite the idea of the "death of the author" enabling the reader, pomo saw the disabling of the will of the consumer (the guilty pleasures of puritan consumerism), the creative (the metaphysical masochism of the capitalist creative), the critic (the curse of situatedness), the icon herself.

Diana to Bashir: "you see yourself as a good product that sits on a shelf and sells well, and people make a lot of money out of you".

http://imomus.com/thought110100.html
Metaphysical masochism of the capitalist creative

http://imomus.livejournal.com/86472.html
Guilty Pleasures

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v24/n23/jay_01_.html
Speaking Azza (Martin Jay / David Simpson) Situatedness

Artists, too, ceased to impose their own will. Warhol's capitulated stance that everything was "great", his (ironic, non-ironic, nihilist) celebration of celebrity, leading to Koons, Hirst, Pharmacy, gormless irony, and the twin traps of satire and pastiche.

Kirsty Wark: "Love her or loathe her, you cannot underestimate Madonna's impact on music or her iconic status"

John Wilson interviewing Terence Davies on Front Row (audio file)

Oasis referencing the Magical Mystery Tour, Keane referencing Ashes to Ashes -- even when inspired by creative mentors, they also have their creative will radically disabled by the ouroboros / echo chamber / museum pop has become

Pop culture has become an interpretive art, not an improvisational or innovative one

Failure to rip up the rulebook has produced an epigone culture

Critics pick iconic albums over the decades, only three from the last ten years

http://imomus.livejournal.com/315200.html
The rise and fall of popular music

ARCHEOLOGY OF THE WORD ICONIC

Repetition culture, marketing and PR, instant classics, branding, celebrity, recognition rather than cognition

Russian icons exhibition at the RA 1998

Rant by prof
Dr Stephen James
Senior Lecturer in English
University of Bristol
http://imomus.livejournal.com/405514.html
Pop, populism, unpop, apoptosis

http://www.amazon.com/How-Brands-Become-Icons-Principles/dp/1578517745
How Brands become Icons: Principles of Cultural Branding by Douglas B Holt
In this eye-opening book, Holt demonstrates that brands become icons not by highlighting unique features and benefits but by staking out a provocative and valued position in the national culture. Iconic brands address acute cultural contradictions -- and the widespread desires and anxieties they create -- by "performing" myths.

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v00/n03/zize01_.html
Don't Just Do Something, Talk
Slavoj Zizek on the tendency for financial analysts to go meta: to describe their sentiment of market sentiment

http://www.frieze.com/comment/article/genuinely_rude/
Genuinely rude, Frieze: fall of master critics, rise of PR people: 47,800 PR people feeding stories to just 45,000 journalists in the UK

the recursive fate of all attempts to redefine

http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/arts/artexhibition-20634236-details/Tino+Sehgal/artexhibitionReview.do?reviewId=23384000
Tino Seghal at ICA: "But as an act of 'subversion' surely it's all a bit lame. Certainly, the typical ICA crowd this will attract are just too art savvy to think this a genuinely thought-provoking piece. For where once the pushing of boundaries in art gave the ICA its purpose, that very concept now appears extremely tired."

In order to understand Nathan Barley's jokes, you had to be part of the group it satirized.

MID-POMO


Paul Morley interviews Brian Eno in The Thing Is... 1992
Note Barbara Kruger graphics

The promise of digital democratization

http://imomus.com/index499.html
Pop Stars? Nein danke!

http://www.shirky.com/writings/powerlaw_weblog.html
Power Laws, Weblogs and Inequality Clay Shirky

http://imomus.com/thought270199.html
Time Out sections and their different attitudes to Pomo in 1999

WHAT POMO HAS BECOME

http://imomus.livejournal.com/241754.html
Love... or "remasturbation"?

http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/commentary/imomus/2007/02/72705?currentPage=all
Golden Age of Stupid Impact

http://imomus.livejournal.com/255928.html
Retro Necro

http://imomus.livejournal.com/342852.html
Quinlan Terry

LATE POMO POP CULTURE

http://imomus.livejournal.com/205196.html
Chop of the Pops

http://imomus.livejournal.com/384077.html
As with Disco, so with the disc

The MUDAM conference in April, Candice Breitz's admission that appropriationism might be "generational"

THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF HIGH AND UNDERGROUND CULTURE POST-POMO

http://www.juliangough.com/journal/2008/9/14/david-foster-wallace-has-committed-suicide.html
Julian Gough on attacking pop culture as "beating up prostitutes"

Bourriaud's idea of the Altermodern
a globalization of multipolarity, translation, a point-to-point, many-to-many world rather than the New World Order of 90s globalization, which arranged everything around a single, central hub (the US, the West).

http://www.wired.com/culture/culturereviews/commentary/imomus/2007/04/imomus0410

Failure of the democratic promise of pomo

http://imomus.com/index499.html
Pop Stars? Nein danke!

http://www.shirky.com/writings/powerlaw_weblog.html
Power Laws, Weblogs and Inequality Clay Shirky

Repressive desublimation

http://imomus.livejournal.com/116632.html
Dionysus, meet Jesus!

Adam Curtis Century of the Self
There is a policeman inside our heads -- he must be destroyed

Nuns Sister Corita
Reappearance of nuns and museums in work by, for instance, Tacita Dean and Lucy Skaer & Rosalind Nashashibi

http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/5th_berlin_biennial
Frieze review of 5th Berlin Biennial

"disappeared moments fade again, or twinkle obliquely across a great divide: the dusty conflations of ancient and modern objects (coins, cracked vases, keys, scissors) that Paul Sietsema’s camera patiently anatomises in his 16mm film Figure 3 (2008), for example, or the half-revived remnants of antiquity in films, photographs and a floor-based Perspex mimicry of a frieze of charioteers in Lucy Skaer and Rosalind Nashashibi’s installation Pygmalion (2008). These works can’t restore the certainties those times appeared to enjoy. What we might do now, this show quietly infers, is evolve towards an acceptance of the restlessly incommensurate"

Dexter Sinister's ludic didacticism

http://imomus.livejournal.com/353140.html
Pervasive Urban Gaming, my ambivalence about the ludic

There is a tyranny of structure, and a tyranny of structurelessness

Turning the corner on the American Empire

Gangsta rap -- the ultimate incarnation, perhaps, of American pop cultural values (suitcases of money, power, corruption, murder, guns, sex, the inflated maverick self) -- replaced by reggae, Afropop and Matsuri-kei.

http://imomus.livejournal.com/404886.html
Reggae and the concept of Babylon
Who is the better economist, Lee "Scratch" Perry or Alan "Scratch That" Greenspan?

http://imomus.livejournal.com/405953.html
Matsuri-kei

http://imomus.livejournal.com/406409.html
Afropop

Flashy shows (still going on in the form of Basel and Hirst etc) replaced by Documenta, Berlin Biennial, Yokohama Triennale, etc.

Modernity as our antiquity (bypassing the pomo, an embarrassing, noisy comedy uncle)

Cairoscape
http://imomus.livejournal.com/403930.html

In the Desert of Modernity
http://vernissage.tv/blog/2008/09/23/in-the-desert-of-modernity-house-of-world-cultures-berlin/
Africa as a laboratory for Modernism

http://imomus.livejournal.com/406227.html
Peyton Place or the Altermodern?

Distinctions collapsed by postmodernism (re-examine their resurrection)
HIGH / LOW
HERE / THERE
NOW / THEN
MINE / THEIRS
SACRED / PROFANE
ORIGINAL / COPY

Attacks on popular culture
Tomoko Miyata saying she didn't listen to pop "because I was a rebel"

http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/charlottehigginsblog/2008/oct/08/classicalmusicandopera
Peter Maxwell Davies hits out against Damien Hirst, the universe and everything

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2008/oct/09/youngpeople.history
Historian says Beatles were just capitalists, and not youth heroes

The re-establishment of the underground and of difficult high culture

http://imomus.livejournal.com/344651.html
Documenta 12 just keeps getting better

http://imomus.livejournal.com/395955.html
Oorutaichi

http://imomus.com/thought061000.html
Unpop

http://imomus.livejournal.com/404264.html
Sacrificial Dandy Simon Bookish

Berlin as a museum of subcultures

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n17/jame02_.html
Frederic Jameson reviews Zizek, defines parallax

http://imomus.livejournal.com/270384.html
Cupid, po and psych

In Sophia's book the origins of postfeminism are described like this: "The first shift between feminism and postfeminism was marked by the following event: Paris, 6 March 1968 -- International Women's Day. Members of the group psychanalyse et politique (later re-named politique et psychanalyse, or po et psych) marched through the city carrying placards reading 'Down with Feminism'." But "postfeminism does not mean that feminism is over. It signifies a shift in feminist theory... In the shift from feminism to postfeminism, women have begun to celebrate difference rather than equality."

Runnerup-ization

http://imomus.livejournal.com/398191.html
Tao Lin
Oasis

http://imomus.livejournal.com/405024.html
De-celebritization of everyday life
An American train driver talks about ritual and legitimacy
(The reverse logic of reality TV)

Multipolarity and incommensurability

The Altermodern

Has pop music now switched from paradigmatic (which connects to iconic) to syntagmatic mode? In other words, is it a landscape of incommensurables, the Zizekian parallax?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apoptosis
Apoptosis

Programmed cell death can create fingers and toes in the organism by killing the cells in between. This is how new shapes are made, new tools which in turn will create new tools, and new culture. In our cultural laboratories we need to cauterize the dead cells of American-era and popular culture, and go forward from the postmodern-iconic-monopolar to the altermodern-incommensurate-multipolar.

26CommentReplyShare

electricwitch
electricwitch
For anything, oh! she´ll bust her elastic
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 12:31 pm (UTC)

Oh my god, I wish I'd nominated you for the GIANT POST category of the lj awards now.


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realrealgone
realrealgone
realrealgone
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 12:36 pm (UTC)

I see what you did there.


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(Anonymous)
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 05:02 pm (UTC)

Ditto (on the self-referentialism)

I hope you mention something about 'architecture' at the talk...


ReplyThread Parent
ankh156
ankh156
ankh
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 12:39 pm (UTC)
Thanks for the Eno interview.

Paul Morley irritated the fuck out of me, but His Brianness was that perfect uncle who pulls a coin out of his ear. Lovely.

Edited at 2008-10-13 12:40 pm (UTC)


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electricwitch
electricwitch
For anything, oh! she´ll bust her elastic
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 06:18 pm (UTC)
Re: Thanks for the Eno interview.

Fucking Paul Morley.


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mcgazz
mcgazz
McGazz
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:01 pm (UTC)

Stuart Maconie (Mr "I Love the 70s/80s/90s" himself) has a current pet peeve about unwarranted use of the word "iconic", which is rife in press releases. Is everything 'iconic' these days?


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rhodri
rhodri
Rhodri Marsden
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:07 pm (UTC)

How many weeks will this talk last?


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imomus
imomus
imomus
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:33 pm (UTC)

Weeks? I'll get through that lot in twenty minutes then have to strum my misses on an acoustic guitar for the other forty!


ReplyThread Parent
mistresshellena
mistresshellena
Mistress Hellena
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:51 pm (UTC)
Dizziness.

Ha. Might not make my head spin so much if it was over a period of weeks! Looking forward to it anyway.


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robinsonner
robinsonner
the maven
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 01:16 pm (UTC)

This is a book. A Barthesian projected work.

Lutz Dammbeck's movie Das Netz is on in London on Tuesday evening at 7:30.
http://resonancefm.com/archives/368

Do you think Gordon Brown has gone back to his socialist roots?
Do you think Oasis may have been referencing late psychedelic era Tears For Fears? World Party?


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mcgazz
mcgazz
McGazz
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 02:28 pm (UTC)

> Do you think Oasis may have been referencing late psychedelic era Tears For Fears? World Party?

Which wouldn't be the first time N Gallagher has done third-hand Beatles by ripping off people who got their inspiration from the Fab Four. He's lifted tunes from the Rutles!


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robinsonner
robinsonner
the maven
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 04:09 pm (UTC)

If you ever see John Lennon's Jukebox a Sth bank show you will see the many styles the Fabs appropriated. Thing is they were messengers of the relatively obscure.
My favourite Beatles track, Lady Madonna, seems to be a take on Humphrey Lyttletons chart-topping 50s jazz instrumental Bad Penny Blues. Paul said he was trying to write something for Fats Domino. Money in the bank.

See how they run.


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georgesdelatour
georgesdelatour
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 02:10 pm (UTC)

Is this relevant?

http://www.gnxp.com/blog/2008/09/graphs-on-death-of-marxism.php


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(Anonymous)
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 02:46 pm (UTC)

Postmodernism has us all tied up in a big ole shibari knot. The more we struggle the tighter it gets. Better relax and let it pleasure you, then hope it'll untie you when it's done and has no more appetite.

Every time you see that some old style is 'back on the catwalks', every time some series comes back from TV heaven, every time you read that your favourite artist has opted to use vintage gear on his new album, know that Uncle Pomo has just thrown another rope around your naked body. Don't wriggle, unless you actually want to excite him more.

I've re-appropriated the old hippy zen / Oasis slogan 'Be here now!' to describe what I think of as the best attitude to postmodernism. Wake up, smell the coffee, set your watch, be here now! Not because I think postmodernism is great (although it's certainly given me a hell of a lot of fun over the years) but because that's the best way to get on to the next thing. There will certainly be a 'next thing' some day, and postmodernism will be 'the last thing'.

It's actually impossible for anyone culturally active now to be doing anything other than postmodernism. The Taliban were a postmodern version of Islam, not (as often depicted) a contemporary group who were, somehow, also living in the Middle Ages. The Stuckists are a group of postmodern figurative painters who hate mainstream postmodernist art, but whose reaction against it also falls within postmodernism. Oasis and Matmos are both postmodernist pop groups. One is not 'more' postmodernist than the other. Postmodernism is the name of the cultural period we're all in.

But I see people's attempts to 'transcend' or 'deny' this as a form of bad faith. And I think postmodernism will not be superceded by denials and reactions against its core values, but by a complete embracing of them. That's why I like pop records like Cher's 'Believe'. By embracing postmodern production, by showing that there's no contradiction between the human voice and an electronic harmoniser, between technology and emotion, between contrivance and sincerity, or confection and belief, or the engineer and the humanist, 'Believe' brings the end of postmodernism closer because it brings closer the day in which to be postmodern will be as natural as breathing. Postmodernism will disappear by becoming so accepted that it's invisible and omnipresent. Whereas all reactions against postmodernism (Stuckism, rockism, fundamentalism) only serve to make postmodernism more visible, more important, something distinct from us, ahead of us, rather than written all through us.

Personally, I think Japan will be the country which first embraces whatever comes after postmodernism, because Japan is the society currently most at ease with postmodernism. They also know a thing or two about the fun you can have with ropes.


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imomus
imomus
imomus
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 04:15 pm (UTC)

You're a smart feller, Me A Couple of Years Ago, but you're a bit behind the times. Things have changed.


ReplyThread Parent
fishwithissues
fishwithissues
jordan fish
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 02:25 am (UTC)

does altermodern mean writing your own strawpeople, who are almost-in-agreement?


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qscrisp
qscrisp
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 03:44 pm (UTC)


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(Anonymous)
Mon, Oct. 13th, 2008 06:06 pm (UTC)

what happened to rockism? i feel like the elite are sick of postmodernism because it has reached the mainstream. young black america is a prime example, as exemplified in kanye west. when young blacks and white hipsters look the same, the whites are going to have to change, to look for the "next big thing."

don't get me wrong - i'm excited for what's next as well. but (and i'm just using the values that you have instilled in me) i temper these elitist ideas with a recognition of my relation to the world in an economic and cultural sense. as you would say, appreciating african music is more comfortable for the white listener, because it is the other, whereas black culture is so prominent and surrounding that we feel a need to distance ourselves from it.


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fishwithissues
fishwithissues
jordan fish
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 02:20 am (UTC)

^^gosh, i don't like this comment!


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(Anonymous)
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 02:47 am (UTC)
i apologize Momus, but....

.


http://rense.com/general83/next.htm

i keep seeing so many young couples starting families.. not sure why any one would want kids in the state we're in?
the thing that will be a little weird, if this depression turns out to be worst than the great depression,
is all of the technology we have, like if people have iPhones but they can barely afford to eat.







I'm watching that Adam Curtis (The Power Of Nightmares) series The Trap at the minute, it's well worth a watch - it's all up on Google video. It was screened a couple of years ago, so it's pretty out of date as far as recent developments go, but from what I've seen so far, the whole meltdown was totally inevitable and nationalising banks/an end to free market reign will probably be, eventually, a good thing, but not before decades of depression, recession and general misery. I'm not a financial expert by any means, and think one of the most annoying things about the current situation is the way everyone suddenly thinks that they are, but yeah, that's my limited understanding of it. Maybe time to start keeping your money under your mattress...


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(Anonymous)
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 02:58 am (UTC)
Re: i apologize Momus, but....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Trap_(television_documentary_series)

The Trap: What Happened to Our Dream of Freedom is a BBC documentary series by English filmmaker Adam Curtis, well known for other documentaries including The Century of the Self and The Power of Nightmares. It began airing on BBC Two on 11 March 2007. The series consists of three one-hour programmes which explore the concept and definition of freedom, specifically, "how a simplistic model of human beings as self-seeking, almost robotic, creatures led to today's idea of freedom."

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=404227395387111085&ei=-XrySNjoOovEiALyiKTsDg&q=the+trap
Part One: Fuck You Buddy
In this episode, Curtis examines the rise of game theory during the Cold War and the way in which its mathematical models of human behaviour filtered into economic thought. The programme traces the development of game theory with particular reference to the work of John Nash, who believed that all humans were inherently suspicious and selfish creatures that strategised constantly. Using this as his first premise, Nash constructed logically consistent and mathematically verifiable models, for which he won the Nobel Prize for Economics.


http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1087742888040457650&ei=bXzySInXJpCsiAKByujDBg&q=the+trap+2
Part Two: The Lonely Robot
The second episode reiterated many of the ideas of the first, but developed the theme that drugs such as Prozac and lists of psychological symptoms which might indicate anxiety or depression were being used to normalise behaviour and make humans behave more predictably, like machines. This was not presented as a conspiracy theory, but as a logical (although unpredicted) outcome of market-driven self-diagnosis by checklist based on symptoms, but not actual causes, discussed in the previous programme.
...
Film of Richard Dawkins propounding his ultra-strict "selfish gene" analogy of life was shown, with the archive clips spanning two decades to emphasise how the severely reductionist ideas of programmed behaviour have been absorbed by mainstream culture. (Later, however, the documentary gives evidence that cells are able to selectively replicate parts of DNA dependent on current needs. According to Curtis such evidence detracts from the simplified economic models of human beings.). This brought Curtis back to the economic models of Hayek and the game theories of Cold War. Curtis explains how, with the "robotic" description of humankind apparently validated by geneticists, the game theory systems gained even more hold over society's engineers.


http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7581348588228662817&ei=oX3ySMKGBIewiAKq4qXgDg&q=the+trap+3
Part 3: We Will Force You To Be Free
The final programme focussed on the concepts of positive and negative liberty introduced in the 1950s by Isaiah Berlin. Curtis briefly explained how negative liberty could be defined as freedom from coercion and positive liberty as the opportunity to strive to fulfill one's potential. Tony Blair had read Berlin's essays on the topic and wrote to him[4] in the late 1990s, arguing that positive and negative liberty could be mutually compatible. He never received a reply, as Berlin was on his death bed. The programme began with a description of the Two Concepts of Liberty, reviewing Berlin's opinion that, since it lacked coercion, negative liberty was the 'safer' of the two. Curtis then explained how many political groups who sought their vision of freedom ended up using violence to achieve it.
...
In essence, the programme suggested that following the path of negative liberty to its logical conclusions, as governments have done in the West for the past 50 years, resulted in a society without meaning populated only by selfish automatons, and that there was some value in positive liberty in that it allowed people to strive to better themselves.


really interesting stuff. the sound is a little out of sync in places, but i could get past it - his style is great, heavily Godard influenced. lots of rapid fire archive, slogans and vignettes.


ReplyThread Parent
imomus
imomus
imomus
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 07:27 am (UTC)
Re: i apologize Momus, but....

Well, not to boast or anything, but Adam Curtis sent me a DVD of The Trap himself!


ReplyThread Parent
georgesdelatour
georgesdelatour
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 08:30 am (UTC)

We'll be needing more from Curtis very soon.

Scientists are making major advances in genetics and in brain science. Ideas derived from these advances will affect the way people look at everything, including politics, economics, culture, the arts. These approaches offer a way out of PoMo relativism. Nature, in the form of Biology, sets limits on Culture. Studying gene expression in different human groups feels more objective than studying hairstyles in different human groups. I can see the appeal. Expect more theories which talk about Mitochondrial DNA, and fewer which talk about "the other".

Curtis shows how these types of theory lose touch with reality. He concentrates on Game Theory, but B.F. Skinner's lab rat based behaviourism is another example of an idea which seemed to be scientific, but which was deeply flawed.

I loved Alain Resnais' film, "Mon oncle d'Amerique", in which a drama about three people was inter-cut with documentary footage of Henri Laborit discussing his experiments with lab rats. We'll be needing more of that, too.


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imomus
imomus
imomus
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 10:34 am (UTC)

Nah, mate, what it comes down to is: it's 6pm this evening, are you at the AA or are you somewhere less interesting?


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(Anonymous)
Tue, Oct. 14th, 2008 11:14 am (UTC)

No, what it comes down to is what fresh insights we will gain if we attend versus reading your notes with The Hairstyle of the Devil playing on a loop in the background.


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(Anonymous)
Wed, Nov. 4th, 2009 01:34 pm (UTC)
rules

1st rule of post modernism;

never follow any rules


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